Sunday20 August 2017

How business park architecture has traduced London's skyline

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In this extract from his new book, Jonathan Glancey accuses leading architects of souring world-class views with a grubby provincialism

Until quite recently, the serene dome of St Paul’s Cathedral dominated the City of London’s skyline. Gathered below and around Wren’s beautifully judged design were the towers and spires of the many parish churches this deeply civil architect rebuilt after the 1666 Great Fire of London. Between this lovely play of quietly inventive architectural forms and materials so well suited to the city – Portland stone, lead, soft red Roman brickwork – banks, market halls and pubs, guild halls and chop houses were set clustered on winding streets, narrow alleys and medieval courts.

istock London Skyline

City of London skyline: Nightmare, or happy reflection of the world of high finance?


Despite the Luftwaffe’s best attempts to reduce it to rubble during the Blitz of 1940-41, the City survived remarkably intact. There was much rebuilding work, and yet for the next two decades the City retained its special character.

Visually, everything seemed to work together: Portland stone buildings, red double-decker buses, red pillar boxes and red fire engines. Food markets continued to flourish near the Stock Exchange. Venerable restaurants, bespoke tailors and family shops thrived alongside imperious-looking banks designed by grand Edwardian architects, while the bells of churches – high, low and anywhere in between – could still be heard along with those ringing in the cabs of RT and Routemaster buses.

This is the City of London I remember as a boy. It is where my maternal grandfather had his printing works, and where I learnt my first lessons in architectural design and history, visiting each and every City church, chapel and the solitary synagogue before my 13th birthday.

What's So Great About the Eiffel Tower cover

Today, the City skyline is a disgrace, a wretched, spikey, loud and ill-mannered thing, shouting “money”, its blingy new buildings barging their way into the smallest court or narrowest alley while overshadowing St Paul’s. Some of the individual buildings by well-known contemporary architects would be an asset to business parks or to overtly modern city districts like La Défense in Paris.

Not only is St Paul’s demeaned, but its chancel now faces a horribly ugly new retail centre bringing all the inevitable shops and beetle-browed “brands” that can be found in London’s West End, and in any British city centre and edge-of-town shopping mall, to one of the few places these could be avoided.

It all seems so very provincial. Here, money, bullying and ignorance have done what the Luftwaffe failed to do: destroy the City of London.


Readers' comments (1)

  • An excellent analysis of an utter scandal. But what is the cause and who is to blame?

    I’m willing to predict that we’re going to hear only the familiar diatribes about ‘greedy developers’, a ‘philistinic public’, and a call for architectural education to be introduced into school curricula.

    But many (maybe most) of our delightful pre-1960s London buildings and streets were created by Victorian developers who were at least as greedy as those of today, and the public then was no better educated than today’s.

    The blame rests squarely on architects, who have ruthlessly abandoned the building styles which worked so well in the past; who have eliminated from their writings even the word “beauty”; and who in their student years design only visionary, mould-breaking creations which have virtually no bearing on practical everyday design.

    With predictable results.

    Maritz Vandenberg

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